Shipping costs have increased sevenfold this year alone, while the pandemic has led to labor and production shortages in other countries and a sharp reduction in pine nut imports to China. The reasons are several: poor harvests, increased demand and ever-present climate change. And the prospects for change are not good. Overproduction and destructive harvesting are simply killing the entire ecosystem.
The more pine nuts are harvested, the less there is left for the animals to eat. Birds, squirrels or deer run out of food during the winter. This food shortage can often result in your death. Traders will be interested to know that almost half of the red pine variety has been sold to domestic and international markets.
There aren't many red pines left, so if you want to buy them, it's now or never. A shortage of raw nuts has a direct impact on price. It took ten to fifteen years for the pine tree to start producing cones. As a result, prices have skyrocketed in recent weeks.
However, the situation is unlikely to improve anytime soon, as shortages are driving up the price of walnuts. It can take up to 75 years for a single tree to reach its maximum yield. Last year Boone skipped school days at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas to drive to the reserve and participate in his tribe's annual pine nut festival. It lays dormant during autumn and winter, then becomes a mature cone, which bears fruit (pine seeds) the following spring.
Libba Letton, spokeswoman for Whole Foods Market, said prices have likely doubled in the past year, but added that pine nuts are still available. But he fears that an increase in the commercial harvest of pine nuts combined with the climate crisis will one day force him to buy them in a store. The result, LeBaron said, is that the prices of domestically produced pine nuts have increased by 200 percent in the past five years; the prices of imported nuts have increased by 800 to 1000 percent. And, in some cases, the little nuts go on a globetrotting trip before they're ready to be thrown into a batch of pesto.
Because of this increase, the supply of pine nuts cannot keep up, which results in an increase in prices because the value increases. In the drier drier parts of Nevada, near the Paiute tribe of the Walker River, Torres said he sees the damage done to trees by commercial harvesters and climate change and worries about the future of pines in other parts of Nevada. It's not something that matters if you need real pine nuts, but you can always look for other alternatives if you want to save some money. The biggest environmental impact of harvesting pine nuts is their extraction from trees, but their production is limited to a small percentage of the world's nut harvest.
For example, pine nut producers need to climb trees and use ladders to deliver them while dropping nuts to the ground. They grow only a few centimeters a year and pine nuts take two years to mature for harvest, Torres said overexploitation threatens forest health. Another thing that makes pine nuts so expensive is that it takes a lot of work and effort for them to grow, care for and harvest. In most cases, consumers buy pine nuts in small quantities and use them as part of recipes rather than eating them alone.