Species and geographical distribution Russia is the largest producer of Pinus sibirica nuts in the world, followed by Mongolia, which produces more than 10,000 tons of walnuts grown in the forest annually. Most of the crop is exported to China. Pine nuts, referred to as pinoli in Italian and pine nuts in Spanish, are the edible seeds extracted from pine trees. The two main species of pine trees that are most famous for their delicious edible seeds are Chilgoza pine and Korean pine.
Pine nuts should be kept in clean and ventilated warehouses, not infected with pests and without foreign odor, at a temperature not exceeding 20°C, away from sunlight, with a relative humidity of the air not exceeding 70%. Consuming pine nuts lowers cholesterol levels, improves blood circulation and reduces liver fat. Spain, Germany and Italy are currently the largest European markets for importing pine nuts and offer you good opportunities. Many importers of pine nuts are also packers, engaged in processing, trading and wholesale distribution.
This land can be used by private industries for certain things, such as harvesting pine nuts or grazing cattle. Pine nuts are a traditional ingredient in Mediterranean dishes and the product is benefiting from growing consumer interest in Mediterranean cuisine. Previous rejections of pine nuts at the European border were often related to pine mouth syndrome, which is characterized by an unpleasant taste in the mouth after consuming pine nuts. Because of this, they are attractive to growers and are often harvested without the strict control of forestry experts.
In practice, many European importers require that the storage life of sprockets at the time of their arrival in the warehouse should not exceed one third of the total storage life period. There has been concern about whether pine grains should undergo a new dietary assessment, especially since the Asian varieties used are different from European ones. Today, the United States has embarked on managing all forests to improve pine nut production. In response to the increased incidence of pine mouth cases, the Chinese authorities have implemented measures to accredit pine nut exporters and ensure that pine nuts from Pinus armandii are no longer exported to the European Union.
The calculation of margins according to the final retail prices of pine nuts is not indicative, since the entire sector has variable product prices depending on the region and the harvest season. So even Grimo, a woman who has access to a nursery full of walnut trees, doesn't cook with pine nuts as often as she would like because of the price.